Veal is the meat obtained from a young calf killed when six to eight weeks old. Veal from a younger animal is very unwholesome, and is liable to provoke serious gastric disturbances. Veal contains a much smaller percentage of fat than beef or mutton, is less nutritious, and (though from a young creature) more difficult of digestion. Like lamb, it is not improved by long hanging, but should be eaten soon after killing and dressing. It should always be remembered that the flesh of young animals does not keep fresh as long as that of older ones.
Veal is divided in same manner as lamb, into fore and hind quarters. The fore quarter is subdivided into breast, shoulder, and neck; the hind quarter into loin, leg, and knuckle. Cutlets, fillets (cushion), and fricandeau are cut from the thick part of leg.
Good veal may be known by its pinkish colored flesh and white fat; when the flesh lacks color, it has been taken from a creature which was too young to kill for food, or, if of the right age, was bled before killing. Veal may be obtained throughout the year, but is in season during the spring. Veal should be thoroughly cooked; being deficient in fat and having but little flavor, pork or butter should be added while cooking, and more seasoning is required than for other meats.
Although veal is obtained from a young creature, it requires long cooking; it is usually sauteed, and then cooked in a sauce at low temperature for a long time. A knuckle of veal is often used for making white soup stock.
Put a veal soup bone over the fire in one gallon of cold water; skim carefully as it comes to a boil; after it has boiled one hour season it with salt and pepper and half teaspoonful (scant) celery seed. In another half hour put in one-half cup rice, one medium-sized potato (cut in dice or thin slices), two good-sized onions (sliced fine); let boil one-half hour longer, and when ready to serve add one egg (well-beaten), one-half cup milk, one tablespoon flour; let come to a boil, and serve.