The mixing and baking of cake requires more care and judgment than any other branch of cookery; notwithstanding, it seems the one most frequently attempted by the inexperienced.
To butter and fill pans, grease pans with melted fat, applying the same with a butter brush. If butter is used, put in a small saucepan and place on back of range; when melted, salt will settle to the bottom; butter is then called clarified. Just before putting in mixture, dredge pans thoroughly with flour, invert, and shake pan to remove all superfluous flour, leaving only a thin coating which adheres to butter. This gives to cake a smooth under surface, which is especially desirable if cake is to be frosted. Pans may be lined with paper. If this is done, paper should just cover bottom of pan and project over sides. Then ends of pan and paper are buttered.
In filling pans, have the mixture come well to the corners and sides of pans, leaving a slight depression in the centre, and when baked the cake will be perfectly flat on top. Cake pans should be filled nearly two thirds full if cake is expected to rise to top of pan.
One cup brown sugar, one cup molasses, one-half cup butter, one cup strong liquid coffee, one or two eggs, four cups flour, one teaspoon soda, one tablespoon cinnamon, one teaspoon cloves, one nutmeg, one pound raisins, one-half pound currants, citron as you like. Mix the cake part, adding soda last. Dredge the fruit with flour before putting in. Bake in one large loaf, or two smaller ones.
One cup butter, two cups brown sugar, one cup liquid coffee, six eggs, one cup currants, one cup raisins, two teaspoons ground cinnamon, two teaspoons ground cloves, one teaspoon soda, and three cups flour.