It is the duty of every housekeeper to learn the art of soup making. How may a hearty dinner be better begun than with a thin soup? The hot liquid, taken into an empty stomach, is easily assimilated, acts as a stimulant rather than a nutrient (as is the popular opinion), and prepares the way for the meal which is to follow. The cream soups and purees are so nutritious that, with bread and butter, they furnish a satisfactory meal.
Long soaking in cold water, draws out the juices of meat and dissolves the gelatine. Soup stocks are prepared in this manner and then cooked at a low temperature. Celery leaves can be tied in a bunch and hung in a sunny place to dry, then placed in a paper bag, ready for use. The stalks and roots can be dried in a slow oven, powdered and bottled. Celery seed can be used for soups when the celery root or stalks are not at hand.
Take three pounds of lean beef (cut into small pieces) and one soup bone; cover with three quarts of cold water, and heat slowly. Add one tablespoon of salt, six pepper corns, six cloves, one tablespoon mixed herbs, one or two onions, and boil slowly five hours. Strain, and when cold, remove the fat. Heat again before serving, and season with pepper, salt, and Worcester sauce, according to taste.